Philpapers. Abstract. The now-classic Metaphors We Live By changed our unders...

Abstract. Consider the skeptic about the external w

This special issue of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy focuses on unintended intrauterine death (UID) and preterm delivery (both phenomena that are commonly—and unhelpfully—referred to as "miscarriage," "spontaneous abortion," and "early pregnancy loss"). In this essay, I do two things.David Hume's An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, first published in 1748, is a concise statement of Hume's central philosophical positions. It develops an account of human mental functioning which emphasizes the limits of human knowledge and the extent of our reliance on (non-rational) mental habits.Tony Smith - 1990 - State University of New York Press. Howard Williams's Hegel, Heraclitus And Marx's Dialectic , Geert Reuten & Michael Williams's Value, Form And The State , Tony Smith's The Logic Of Marx's Capital: Reply To Hegelian Criticisms. [REVIEW] C. Arthur - 1991 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 23:79-90.Commodities and Capabilities presents a set of inter-related theses concerning the foundations of welfare economics, and in particular about the assessment of personal well-being and advantage. The argument presented focuses on the capability to function, i.e. what a person can do or can be, questioning in the process the more standard emphasis ...PhilPapers is a comprehensive index and bibliography of philosophy maintained by the community of philosophers. We monitor all sources of research content in philosophy, including journals, books, and open access archives . We also host the largest open access archive in philosophy . Our index currently contains 2,807,891 entries categorized in ... A Physicalistic Characterization of No-Self Physicalism. This chapter will round up our studies in No-Self Physicalism by giving a general characterization of No-Self Physicalism as a global philosophical worldview and responding to some well-known arguments against physicalism. Section 8.1 will summarize the basic tenets of No-Self Physicalism ...The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy organizes scholars from around the world in philosophy and related disciplines to create and maintain an up-to-date reference work. Co-Principal Editors: Edward N. Zalta and Uri Nodelman. Masthead | Editorial Board.On the now dominant Quinean view, metaphysics is about what there is. Metaphysics so conceived is concerned with such questions as whether properties exist, whether meanings exist, and whether numbers exist. I will argue for the revival of a more traditional Aristotelian view, on which metaphysics is about what grounds what. Abstract. Knowledge and its Limits presents a systematic new conception of knowledge as a kind of mental stage sensitive to the knower's environment. It makes a major contribution to the debate between externalist and internalist philosophies of mind, and breaks radically with the epistemological tradition of analyzing knowledge in terms of ...Commodities and Capabilities presents a set of inter-related theses concerning the foundations of welfare economics, and in particular about the assessment of personal well-being and advantage. The argument presented focuses on the capability to function, i.e. what a person can do or can be, questioning in the process the more standard emphasis ...This intelligence explosion is now often known as the "singularity". The basic argument here was set out by the statistician I.J. Good in his 1965 article "Speculations Concerning the First Ultraintelligent Machine": Let an ultraintelligent machine be defined as a machine that can far surpass all the intellectual activities of any man ...Derek Parfit was one of the most important and influential moral philosophers of the late 20th and early 21st centuries. This Element offers a critical introduction to his wide-ranging ethical thought, focusing especially on his two most significant works, Reasons and Persons and On What Matters, and their contribution to the consequentialist ...Abstract. I. Recent years have witnessed a great resurgence of interest in the writings of the later Wittgenstein, especially with those passages roughly, Philosophical Investigations p)I 38 â⠬â 242 and Remarks on the Foundations of mathematics, section VI that are concerned with the topic of rules.The common practice of focusing each single school in itself detracts from a balanced assessment of the strategies exploited by many philosophers of the period. On the assumption that debates among schools play a major (...) Hellenistic and Later Ancient Philosophy in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy. $248.00 new View on Amazon.com.Modern empiricism has been conditioned in large part by two dogmas. One is a belief in some fundamental cleavage between truths which are analytic, or grounded in meanings independently of matters of fact, and truth which are synthetic, or grounded in fact. The other dogma is reductionism: the belief that each meaningful statement is equivalent ...Celia Deane-Drummond - 2022 - In Arvin M. Gouw, Brian Patrick Green & Ted Peters (eds.), Religious Transhumanism and Its Critics. Lexington Books. Resurrection in Philosophy of Religion. $97.44 used $110.26 new $113.31 from Amazon (collection) View on Amazon.com.Commodities and Capabilities presents a set of inter-related theses concerning the foundations of welfare economics, and in particular about the assessment of personal well-being and advantage. The argument presented focuses on the capability to function, i.e. what a person can do or can be, questioning in the process the more standard emphasis ...Summary. Philosophy of biology generally covers the issues that arise from the science and history of biology. It includes evolutionary, developmental, environmental and genetic biology, as well as such issues as evolutionary ethics and epistemology, the general notions of biological information, function, classification and heredity.Part II features in-depth case studies of scientific progress from the history of science. The chapters cover individual sciences including physics, chemistry, evolutionary biology, seismology, psychology, sociology, economics, and medicine. Finally, Part III of the book explores important issues from contemporary philosophy of science.PhilPapers logo by Andrea Andrews and Meghan Driscoll. This site uses cookies and Google Analytics (see our terms & conditions for details regarding the privacy implications). Use of this site is subject to terms & conditions .PhilPapers logo by Andrea Andrews and Meghan Driscoll. This site uses cookies and Google Analytics (see our terms & conditions for details regarding the privacy implications). Use of this site is subject to terms & conditions .Standards and Professional Practice: The TTA and Initial Teacher Training. Margaret Reynolds - 1999 - British Journal of Educational Studies 47 (3):247 - 260. Theoretical and Critical Perspectives on Teacher Change. Phyllis Kahaney, Linda Perry & Joseph Janagelo - 1993 - Praeger. Values Added: The Uses of Educational Philosophies in an ...PhilPapers logo by Andrea Andrews and Meghan Driscoll. This site uses cookies and Google Analytics (see our terms & conditions for details regarding the privacy implications). Use of this site is subject to terms & conditions .Abstract. This report reviews what quantum physics and information theory have to tell us about the age-old question, How come existence? No escape is evident from four conclusions: (1) The world cannot be a giant machine, ruled by any preestablished continuum physical law. (2) There is no such thing at the microscopic level as space or time or ...Summary. The philosophy of religion is the philosophical exploration of religious matters. Conceptual analyses of the varying conceptions of God, philosophical arguments for and against the existence of a deity (or deities), epistemological concerns about the rationality of religious belief, philosophical discussions of the theological claims ... Richard Frankel & Victor J. Krebs - 2021 - Routledge. This book is a psychoanalytic and philosophical exploration of how the digital is transforming our perception of the world and our understanding of ourselves. Drawing on examples from everyday life, myth, and popular culture, this book argues that virtual reality is only the latest ...Modal Collapse and Modal Fallacies: No Easy Defense of Simplicity. John William Waldrop - 2022 - American Philosophical Quarterly 59 (2):161-179. I critically examine the claim that modal collapse arguments against the traditional doctrine of divine simplicity (DDS) are in general fallacious. In a recent paper, Christopher Tomaszewski alleges ...About this topic. The philosophy of mathematics studies the nature of mathematical truth, mathematical proof, mathematical evidence, mathematical practice, and mathematical explanation. Three philosophical views of mathematics are widely regarded as the 'classic' ones. Logicism holds that mathematics is reducible to principles of pure logic.Virginia Held assesses the ethics of care as a promising alternative to the familiar moral theories that serve so inadequately to guide our lives. The ethics of care is only a few decades old, yet it is by now a distinct moral theory or normative approach to the problems we face. It is relevant to global and political matters as well as to the ...Abstract. De Cive (On the Citizen) is the first full exposition of the political thought of Thomas Hobbes, the greatest English political philosopher of all time. Professors Tuck and Silverthorne have undertaken the first complete translation since 1651, a rendition long thought (in error) to be at least sanctioned by Hobbes himself.Søren Harnow Klausen, Regina Christiansen, Jakob Emiliussen & Søren Engelsen - 2021 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy:1-24. The moral and epistemic significance of emotions has been increasingly emphasized in recent philosophy. The focus has been mostly on metaethical questions.Contact us to set up a free trial. All bundles or single titles from PDC can include access to PhilPapers. For more information contact us by phone 800-444-2419 or 434-220-3300, by fax 434-220-3301; or by e-mail [email protected] the summer of 2016, the University of Dallas and the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México organized a conference to discuss the topic of the middle class and its continued decline—recognizing that, despite some historical, political and cultural differences, healthy democracies throughout the hemisphere depend upon a strong and prosperous middle class.Here, we propose three central goals for COVID-19 vaccination campaigns: to reduce morbidity and mortality, to minimise additional economic and societal burdens related to the pandemic and to narrow unjust health inequalities. We evaluate five prioritisation approaches, assess their likely impact on advancing the three goals of vaccine ...Welcome to PhilPapers ... PhilPapers is a comprehensive index and bibliography of philosophy maintained by the community of philosophers. We monitor all sources ...Works by Javier Hidalgo. Resistance to Unjust Immigration Restrictions. Javier Hidalgo - 2015 - Journal of Political Philosophy 23 (4):450-470. Unjust Borders: Individuals and the Ethics of Immigration. Javier S. Hidalgo - 2018 - Routledge. States restrict immigration on a massive scale. Governments fortify their borders with walls and fences ...Abstract This paper examines a little studied type of perspective shift that I call protagonist projection, following Holton :625–628, 1997). PP is a way of describing the mental state of a protagonist that conveys, to some extent, her perspective.PhilPapers is a comprehensive index and bibliography of philosophy maintained by the community of philosophers. We monitor all sources of research content in philosophy, including journals, books, and open access archives . We also host the largest open access archive in philosophy . Our index currently contains 2,806,885 entries categorized in ...Abstract. This entirely new translation of Critique of Pure Reason is the most accurate and informative English translation ever produced of this epochal philosophical text. Though its simple and direct style will make it suitable for all new readers of Kant, the translation displays an unprecedented philosophical and textual sophistication ...Medium specificity is a theory, or rather a cluster of arguments, in aesthetics that rests on the idea that media are the physical material that makes up artworks, and that this material contains specific and unique features capable of 1) differentiating media from one another, and 2) determining the aesthetic potential and goals of each medium.Abstract. ETHICS: DISCOVERING RIGHT AND WRONG, 8E is a conversational and non-dogmatic overview of ethical theory. Written by one of contemporary philosophy's top teachers and revised by a best selling author, this textbook even-handedly raises important ethical questions and challenges readers to develop their own moral theories by applying them.Alex Malpass - 2013 - Theoria 28 (2):267-282. This paper establishes two facts. The first is that a recently presented problem for supervaluationism applies equally to the branching-time cousin of the theory. The second fact is that a new version of branching-time supervaluationism avoids this and related problems.Hardback, $99.99.Paula Gottlieb's recent book is an illuminating, synoptic study of Aristotle's theory of human motivation, according to which his innovative notion of prohairesis (choice)—specifically, the virtuous agent's prohairesis—is the cornerstone.We would like to show you a description here but the site won't allow us.Matt Duncan - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (3):e12727. To be acquainted with something (in the philosophical sense of "acquainted" discussed here) is to be directly aware of it. The idea that we are acquainted with certain things we experience has been discussed throughout the history of Western Philosophy, but in the early 20th century it ...Abstract. A Sociology of Sex and Sexuality offers an historical sociological analysis of ideas about expressions of sexual desire, combining both primary and secondary historical and theoretical material with original research and popular imagery in the contemporary context. While some reference is made to the sexual ideology of Classical ...Matt Duncan - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (3):e12727. To be acquainted with something (in the philosophical sense of “acquainted” discussed here) is to be directly aware of it. The idea that we are acquainted with certain things we experience has been discussed throughout the history of Western Philosophy, but in the early 20th century it ...PhilPapers logo by Andrea Andrews and Meghan Driscoll. This site uses cookies and Google Analytics (see our terms & conditions for details regarding the privacy implications). Use of this site is subject to terms & conditions .As a subject category, normative ethics lies between these two opposite ends of moral philosophy. Many philosophers in normative ethics investigate ethical theories the aim of which is to systematically describe what makes acts right and wrong. These theories include utilitarianism, consequentialism, Kantian theories, contractualism ... Using PhilPapers from home? Create an account to enable off-campus access through your institution's proxy server. 1 — 50 / 472: An Oblique Epistemic Defence of Conceptual Analysis. Alexander S. Harper - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (3):235-256.Roger Penrose - 2014 - Foundations of Physics 44 (5):557-575. This paper argues that the case for “gravitizing” quantum theory is at least as strong as that for quantizing gravity. Accordingly, the principles of general relativity must influence, and actually change, the very formalism of quantum mechanics.Works by Niels Bohr. Atomic physics and human knowledge. Niels Bohr - 1958 - New York,: Wiley. These articles and speeches by the Nobel Prize-winning physicist date from 1934 to 1958. Rather than expositions on quantum physics, the papers are philosophical in nature, exploring the relevance of atomic physics to many areas of human endeavor.Databases resource records related to the PhilPapers Foundation in the Auraria Library.Plato (ca. 427-347 B.C.E.) was an Athenian philosopher who is widely recognized among the most important philosophers of the Western world. Plato can be plausibly credited with the invention of philosophy as we understand it today – the rational, rigorous, and systematic study of fundamental questions concerning ethics, politics, psychology ...Peter Singer (ed.) - 1977 - Avon Books. Since its original publication in 1975, this groundbreaking work has awakened millions of concerned men and women to the shocking abuse of animals everywhere--inspiring a worldwide movement to eliminate much of the cruel and unnecessary laboratory animal experimentation of years past.James W. McAllister - 1997 - Erkenntnis 47 (2):217-228. 'Saving the phenomena' and saving the phenomena. Jim Bogen - 2011 - Synthese 182 (1):7-22. Data and phenomena: a restatement and defense. James F. Woodward - 2011 - Synthese 182 (1):165-179. Bogen and Woodward's data-phenomena distinction, forms of theory-ladenness, and the ...I begin by explaining the prima facie case against general-education requirements and the need for philosophers to defend their courses' place in the general-education curriculum. Next, I present two arguments for philosophy as a general-education requirement. The first is the Argument from Content: that philosophy courses' content tends to ...PhilPapers logo by Andrea Andrews and Meghan Driscoll. This site uses cookies and Google Analytics (see our terms & conditions for details regarding the privacy implications). Use of this site is subject to terms & conditions .The Bewaji, Van Binsbergen and Ramose debate on 'Ubuntu'. J. A. I. Bewaji & M. B. Ramose - 2003 - South African Journal of Philosophy 22 (4):378-414. Valuing the emergence of Ubuntu philosophy. Nicolito A. Gianan - 2010 - Cultura 7 (1):86-96. Prolegomena to ubuntu and any other future South African philosophy.Abstract. This popular pocket-size guide empowers readers with critical thinking tools based on the groundbreaking work of Richard Paul and Linda Elder. This bestselling volume in the Thinker's Guide Library provides students, educators, and professionals with an authoritative problem-solving framework essential for every aspect of life.Philosophy of Biology (43,008) Manolo Martínez. Philosophy of Cognitive Science (114,346) Philosophy of Computing and Information (8,862) Giuseppe Primiero. Philosophy of Mathematics (25,405) Øystein Linnebo. Philosophy of Physical Science (40,756) Hans Halvorson. Philosophy of Social Science (70,863) Michiru Nagatsu.Peter Singer (ed.) - 1977 - Avon Books. Since its original publication in 1975, this groundbreaking work has awakened millions of concerned men and women to the shocking abuse of animals everywhere--inspiring a worldwide movement to eliminate much of the cruel and unnecessary laboratory animal experimentation of years past.20. The Construction of Reality in the Child. Jean Piaget - 1954 - Routledge. First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company. British Philosophy in European Philosophy. $2.91 used $55.16 new View on Amazon.com. Direct download Export citation Bookmark 196 citations.PhilPapers logo by Andrea Andrews and Meghan Driscoll. This site uses cookies and Google Analytics (see our terms & conditions for details regarding the privacy implications). Use of this site is subject to terms & conditions .Abstract. What are the philosophical views of professional philosophers, and how do these views change over time? The 2020 PhilPapers Survey surveyed around …The goal of this paper is to provide an account of the role played by logic in the context of what Husserl names the "crisis of European sciences.". Presupposing the analyses offered in the Krisis, I look at Formale und Transzendentale Logik to demonstrate that the crisis of logic stems from the deviation of its original meaning as a ...Philippa Foot - 1985 - Mind 94 (374):196-209. Consequentialism and Virtue Ethics in Normative Ethics. Utilitarianism in Normative Ethics. $2.22 used $37.82 new $40.00 from Amazon (collection) View on Amazon.com. Direct download (7 more) Export citation Bookmark 130 citations.The Handbook comprises four main sections: Traditional research methods sciences; Innovative research methods; Doing cross-cultural research; and Sensitive research methodology and approach. This Handbook attests to the diversity and richness of research methods in the health and social sciences. It will benefit many readers, particularly ...External world skepticism is view that that knowledge (or justified belief) about the external world is impossible. An external world skeptic is a Cartesian skeptic if they appeal to skeptical hypotheses in order to show that we cannot know (or justifiably believe) anything about the external world. The Cartesian skeptical argument is often ...The PhilPapers Open Access Gateway automatically indexes papers found on the archives listed below. Anyone can suggest a new archive to track, but all archives are vetted before being added. The initial list was compiled from the OpenDOAR directory, and we will continue to add new archives added to OpenDOAR. A number of archives are known to be ...Modern empiricism has been conditioned in large part by two dogmas. One is a belief in some fundamental cleavage between truths which are analytic, or grounded in meanings independently of matters of fact, and truth which are synthetic, or grounded in fact. The other dogma is reductionism: the belief that each meaningful statement is equivalent ...PhilPapers with Full Text. Essential Journals, Books Series, and Conference Proceedings. PhilPapers is maintained and operated by the Center for Digital Philosophy and the Philosophy Documentation Center. We are partners in the ongoing effort to build and maintain the most complete philosophy index in the world. PDC has contributed hundreds of ...Yoji K. Gondor (ed.) - 2014 - Sintesi Point Publishing. details. Reading Philosophy with Background Knowledge and Metacognition. David W. Concepción - 2004 - Teaching Philosophy 27 (4):351-368. details. Kizel, A. (2016). "Pedagogy out of Fear of Philosophy as a Way of Pathologizing Children".This paper develops a challenge to theism. The challenge is to explain why the hypothesis that there exists an omnipotent, omniscient and all-good god should be considered significantly more reasonable than the hypothesis that there exists an omnipotent, omniscient and all-evil god. Theists typically dismiss the evil-god hypothesis out of hand ...Warren Goldfarb - 2005 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 11 (2):185-193. The philosopher Rudolf Carnap, although not himself an originator of mathematical advances in logic, was much involved in the development of the subject. He was the most important and deepest philosopher of the Vienna Circle of logical positivists, or, to use the label Carnap ...Hilary Putnam - 1978 - Boston: Routledge. First published in 1978, this reissue presents a seminal philosophical work by professor Putnam, in which he puts forward a conception of knowledge which makes ethics, practical knowledge and non-mathematic parts of the social sciences just as much parts of 'knowledge' as the sciences themselves.The PhilPapers Survey was conducted online from October 15, 2020 to. November 16, 2020. Full details on the methods and the results can be found on the survey ...In this vital new work, Wayne Sumner presents an original theory of welfare, investigating its nature and discussing its importance. He considers and rejects all notable theories of welfare, both objective and subjective, including hedonism and theories founded on desire or preference. His own theory connects welfare closely with happiness or ...798. Minimalism and truth aptness. Michael Smith, Frank Jackson & Graham Oppy - 1994 - Mind 103 (411):287 - 302. This paper, while neutral on questions about the minimality of truth, argues for the non-minimality of truth-aptness. Liar Paradox in Logic and Philosophy of Logic.Summary. Theism is generally taken to be the view that there is a person who is bodiless, omnipotent, omniscient, eternal, perfectly good, perfectly free, and who is the creator and sustainer of the universe. There are of course different ways to spell out these attributes, for example some spell out 'eternal' as 'being outside of time ...Nick Bostrom - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):243-255. A history of transhumanist thought. Nick Bostrom - 2005 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 14 (1):1-25. View all 29 citations / Add more citations.PhilPapers has both links to external copies of papers and local copies (normally pre-prints) of papers uploaded by the authors. It is both an index and an archive. Most publishers allow authors to self-archive at least pre-prints of their papers. You can check your publisher's policy as part of the upload process. Jason Baehr - 2009 - In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Epistemic Value. Oxford University Press. pp. 42--59. Reliability and the value of knowledge. Wayne D. Riggs - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (1):79-96. Why to believe weakly in weak knowledge: Goldman on knowledge as mere true belief.A record of the words and teachings of Confucius, _The Analects_ is considered the most reliable expression of Confucian thought. However, the original meaning of Confucius's teachings have been filtered and interpreted by the commentaries of Confucianists of later ages, particularly the Neo-Confucianists of the Song dynasty, not altogether ...The empire writes back, with a vengeance. Denis Dutton - 1995 - Philosophy and Literature 19 (1):198-205. The Empire writes back. Book review'Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader', edited and introduced by Patrick Williams and Laura Chrisman. Brighton: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993.. Abstract. What are the philosophical views of prAbout this topic. The philosophy of mathematics studies the PhilPapers logo by Andrea Andrews and Meghan Driscoll. This site uses cookies and Google Analytics (see our terms & conditions for details regarding the privacy implications). Use of this site is subject to terms & conditions . PhilPapers logo by Andrea Andrews and Meghan Dr Sep 6, 2023 · One of the advantages of searching PhilPapers over other databases is its hierarchical system of categorization, created by philosophers and for philosophers. It currently has over 3,000 categories, providing a much more precise method for categorizing a particular item. This system includes five levels, representing a taxonomy of philosophy: We would like to show you a description here but the site won't allow us. Philosophy of logic is devoted to the inv...

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